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Research Methodology

Conceptual Research: Pen and Paper

❶The key is to identify possible confounding variables and somehow try to eliminate or control them.

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Doing this shifts it away from its true epistemological meaning and reduces it to being the procedure itself, or the set of tools, or the instruments that should have been its outcome. A methodology is the design process for carrying out research or the development of a procedure and is not in itself an instrument, or method, or procedure for doing things. Methodology and method are not interchangeable.

In recent years, however, there has been a tendency to use methodology as a "pretentious substitute for the word method ". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about research methods. For software engineering frameworks, see Software development methodology. Computer and Information Security Handbook. Frankfurter, Theory and Reality in Financial Economics: Essays Toward a New Political Finance.

Activism Argument Argumentum ad populum Attitude change Censorship Charisma Circular reporting Cognitive dissonance Critical thinking Crowd manipulation Cultural dissonance Deprogramming Echo chamber Education religious , values Euphemism Excommunication Fearmongering Historical revisionism Ideological repression Indoctrination Media manipulation Media regulation Mind control Missionaries Moral entrepreneurship Persuasion Polite fiction Political engineering Propaganda Propaganda model Proselytism Psychological manipulation Psychological warfare Religious conversion forced Religious persecution Religious uniformity Revolutions Rhetoric Self-censorship Social change Social control Social engineering Social influence Social progress Suppression of dissent Systemic bias Woozle effect.

Axioms tacit assumptions Conceptual framework Epistemology outline Evidence anecdotal , scientific Explanations Faith fideism Gnosis Intuition Meaning-making Memory Metaknowledge Methodology Observation Observational learning Perception Reasoning fallacious , logic Revelation Testimony Tradition folklore Truth consensus theory , criteria.

Nihilism Optimism Pessimism Reclusion Weltschmerz. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Today the distinction is not so clear. Conceptual research focuses on the concept or theory that explains or describes the phenomenon being studied. How can we describe the motions of the planets? What are the building blocks of matter? The conceptual researcher sits at his desk with pen in hand and tries to solve these problems by thinking about them.

He does no experiments but may make use of observations by others, since this is the mass of data that he is trying to make sense of. Until fairly recently, conceptual research was considered the most honorable form of research—it required using the brain, not the hands.

For all of their lofty status, conceptual researchers regularly produced theories that were wrong. Aristotle taught that large cannonballs fell to earth faster than small ones, and many generations of professors repeated his teachings until Galileo proved them wrong. Galileo was an empiricist of the best sort, one who performed original experiments not merely to destroy old theories but to provide the basis for new theories. A reaction against the ivory tower theoreticians culminated in those who claimed to have no use for theory, arguing that empirical acquisition of knowledge was the only way to the truth.

A pure empiricist would simply graph data and see if he got a straight line relation between variables. The theory behind the correlation was irrelevant.

Empirical Research: Getting Your Hands Dirty

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Research is the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalizations, principles, or .

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There are several important aspects to research methodology. This is a summary of the key concepts in scientific research and an attempt to erase some common misconceptions in science.

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This section will explain the concept of research methodology, including an outline on the main methodological approaches and philosophies that exist; following this, the research strategies that will serve to address the objectives of this research topic will be explained. Basic Concepts of Research Methodology Research Research in common parlance refers to a search for knowledge. Once can also define research as a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. In fact, research is an art of scientific investigation.

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INTRODUCTION 1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The concept of the research What are the new challenges women face today, how they cope with them, what they need in. Research Methods: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications compiles chapters on key considerations in the management, development, and distribution of data. With its focus on both fundamental concepts and advanced topics, this multi-volume reference work will be a valuable addition to researchers, scholars, and students of science.