The law Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of prohibits both sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Sex trafficking involves the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act e.
In contrast, labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery U.
Department of State, While sex trafficking usually involves the forced prostitution of men, women, or children, labor trafficking can include situations where men, women, or children are forced into servitude in virtually any type of occupation such as domestic service e. In simple terms, human trafficking is the sale and enslavement of human beings where, after being bought and sold multiple times, they are forced to labor against their will.
Globally, 4 million people are believed to be victims of this crime each year Farr, Department of State estimates that , to , people are trafficked into the United States annually. The size and scope of this worldwide concern is difficult to truly estimate.
Trafficking in humans is generally a clandestine crime that tends to remain hidden from police authorities. However, there is enough information to confirm that men, women, and children become vulnerable victims of this crime every day in virtually every country across the world. There are many factors that contribute to this large-scale and covert problem, most of which are felt across the globe, such as economic and political instability, massive worldwide poverty, and the disenfranchisement of groups of individuals Bales, ; Farr, ; Scully, ; Shelley, The purpose of this research paper is to present a historical and contemporary assessment of human trafficking as well as discuss ways in which victims are recruited by those who make it their livelihood to sell and enslave human beings.
This is exacerbated by the fact that many cases fall below the radar and are never reported. Authors Sally Cameron and Edward Newman estimate that each year , to , people are commercially coerced into labor, exploited, and transported between countries against their wills.
Cameron and Newman estimate 80 percent of trafficking victims are women and children and 50 percent are minors Kathryn Farr, on the other hand, indicates that there are up to four million human trafficking victims worldwide According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes UNODC , trafficking in persons is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practice similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. The recruitment of child soldiers is also a form of human trafficking. According to the UNODC, sexual exploitation is the most commonly identified form of human trafficking 79 percent , followed by forced labor 18 percent , although the UNODC report acknowledges such data may be slanted due to statistical bias in that sexual exploitation tends to be more visible than forced labor practices and is therefore more frequently reported United Nations Office of Drugs and Crimes, Other forms of human trafficking and exploitation are thought to be significantly underreported, including forced labor, domestic servitude, forced marriage, organ removal, and child begging.
Svitlana Batsyukova differentiates sex slavery from prostitution in that prostitutes typically engage in their trade voluntarily and are monetarily compensated. Further, the legalization and regulation of prostitution varies between countries, whereas human trafficking and sexual exploitation is unanimously illegal and a blatant violation of basic human rights.
Furthermore, victims of trafficking are not reimbursed or paid and are unable to escape their undesirable positions unless they do so surreptitiously, risking brute force or even death. Many victims of human trafficking are typically offered employment or other opportunities under false pretenses by traffickers. Traffickers exploit the poverty and hope of vulnerable individuals, enticing them with the opportunity to improve their lives.
Human trafficking involves the recruitment and abduction of victims, who are then transferred to the destination where they are isolated and exploited. Although they may initially travel with their trafficker voluntarily, victims of human trafficking are then isolated, coerced, threatened, beaten, and restrained. Victims are often imprisoned in extreme isolation and are dependent upon their captors for food and shelter.
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Human trafficking is just another name for modern-day slavery, wherein the victims involved are forced, coerced and deceived into labour and sexual exploitation. The figures are scary. Almost 6, 00, to 8, 00, women and children are annually trafficked across national borders. This does not. Here you will find a critical essay topics on human trafficking and 1 sample paper. They will be a great reference for your future piece on the subject.
Human trafficking also violates the rights of people who are forced into being a part of the whole system. There are different traffickers that are available all over the world and they may be on the Internet or anywhere else. This sample research paper on human trafficking features: + words (33 pages), an outline, APA format in-text citations, and a bibliography with 35 sources.